Social issues in India: Child marriage

According to 7% of girls in India are married by the age of 15. That number increases by 20% when we look at the statistics for girls married by the age of 18. Child marriage is illegal in India, but in rural areas this continues to be an issue. India has the higher number of child brides with an astonishing number of over 15 million brides. So why do India differ from other countries?

There is no secret that countries that are driver by poverty and gender inequality are more prone to child marriages. The families give away their children in order to gain a more financially stable household. If they marry of their daughters, then they have one less mouth to feed and supply for. In developing countries their norms and views may be viewed as strange and inhumane, but to them it is the normality.

Many factors contributes as to why child marriage is a big issue in India. Traditions play a big part in this issue. The purity of a girl is also important, and many are therefore promised away even before birth. If a girl loses her virginity outside of marriage it affects the whole family and her father will lose respect and be seen as a bad father.

However, child marriage is illegal in India and no person is allowed to marry before 18. This is called the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act of 2006. A law set by the government to help fight the ongoing issue of child marriage. This might be the law, but it does not stop people from giving their children away at an early age only for them to get married as soon as they turn 18. I feel as the Indian government should look into the case from a different view and not only ban legal marriages of children, but also the traditional marriages.


girlsnotbrides. (n.d.). Girls not brides. Retrieved November 1, 2019, from


Homelessness in the UK – doubled since 2010

During these days all the outside world hear from Britain revolves around Brexit. This causes the more critical issues for the society to end up in a grey zone within the British political issues. For instance, it is estimated that the number of rough sleepers has doubled since 2010 and a total of 164 000 children were crammed in temporary accommodation during Christmas.

This is highly alarming, condsidering that Britain is one of the biggest economies but still fails to give their people the support and benefit that they need. 9000 people are living in cars, trains, buses and tents, something that is not attainable during the freezing temperatures we await as we enter the fall/winter season.

However, the Government plan to build affordable homes and address benefit cuts in order to fix and minimize the ongoing issue of poverty in Britain. I personally think that it is a great idea and is something that should be done in order to help their society and that this need more attention that it receives. The plan should be executed as soon as possible as we are entering freezing temperatures and more extreme weather for the homeless.

According to the CNN 1 in 200 people in Britain are homeless. Considering how many people that are living in Britain, we can easily tell that this is an enormous number. Shelters are being crammed and temporary accommodations are filled up in order to help those in need. Still the government fails to help the large masses and “can” only do so much. They are clearly not using their resources and finance the way they should. While the ongoing debate of no-deal – or deal Brexit continue to reign in the media masses, real human beings like you and me are struggling.




Making the world uninhabitable?

  • How are we speeding extinction and altering the natural world?


The rate of global warming is alarming. Human pollution is one of the worst factors. We also tend to cut down wild areas in order for us to get resources we can live without. This causes some major changes to the world, by cutting down jungles and wooded areas we destroy the habitat of wild creatures, causing them to go extinct or be endangered. Today, one million plant and animal species are now at risk of extinction. This will lead to many of the worlds ecosystem shutting down because of lack of resources.


  • How much has animal and plant life decreased for the past 100 years?


The animal and plant life according to the 1500-page report has decreased by 20% or more. This is an enormous number considering how many occupants of species that live on the earth.


  • Are any species particularly at risk right now?

One of the species that are particularly is the Bengal tiger because of the damage humans have contributed to destroying their habitat.


  • Which areas/countries are most at risk?

The areas that are most at risk are the savannas of Africa and the rain forests of South America.


The penguin is one of the species that are at risk of extinction. Climate change is a growing concern for penguins that live in Antarctica, which is the emperor penguin and the Adelie penguin. These species depend on sea ice for access to food and for places to breed. But the sea ice has been disappearing, and penguin populations along with it. A 2008 WWF study estimated that 50% of the emperor penguins and 75% of the Adelie penguins will likely decline or disappear if global average temperatures rise above pre-industrial levels by just 2 degrees C. that is a scenario that could be reached in less than 40 years.

Letters between father and son

Letters between Eddie and Langston Glaude

In the letters they sent to each other they were referring to incidents where black innocent people were shot by police officers. They both write about how unsafe they felt and that there was no protection for them. This shows how inequal the American society is and that if you are a person of color you can not trust the police. They are the ones in societies trained to protect us from real threats.

Throughout the years there have been an increasement of incidents where police misuse their power and are quick to pull the trigger if they feel the slightest bit of discomfort.  The specific event they refer to is the brutal incident of police violence in Louisiana in 2016. A man with the name of Alton Sterling was shot by a police officer after being pinned to the ground. The police officer insisted that Sterling had a gun, but this has not been confirmed nor declined.

Personally, I feel like America is a country that struggles with discrimination and disunity. This comes to light in these letters because of the way the police force treats minorities, which causes a lot of distrust.  In the letters it becomes clear that they will not stop believing or fighting for equality within the country. In the end we all want the same, equality for all.

Bilderesultat for protest police violence

Character sketch

The kite runner: Hassan

Hassan is described as the “perfect” person.  He is kindhearted and a bit naïve towards Amir. This is portraited early in the book. He could never say no. Especially to his friends. “I talked Hassan into firing walnuts with his slingshot at the neighbor’s one-eyed German shepherd. Hassan never wanted to, but if I asked, really asked, he wouldn’t deny me.” (Hosseini, 2007, s. 3) This is a great example of how he was. He did not want to disappoint the people he cared for, even if it meant hurting others. Hassan was also less fortunate, a factor that may explain why he is so humble. He appreciates what he has and will therefore not brag nor shove his success in people’s faces.

Hassan was exploited to dereliction and loss at a very young age when his mother left him to pursue a career as a traveling singer and dancer. This is a key point to why Hassan is the way he is. He does not want to lose the people he has closes knowing how it feels being left with no answer and alone. That may be why he is easy to allure and persuade.



Hosseini, K. (2007). The Kite Runner. New York: Riverhead Books.


Hunger crisis in South Sudan

South Sudan is a country located in East Africa. It is a fairly new republic and was not declared independent before 9th of July 2011. In December 2013 a civil war erupted. The war was caused by a conflict between the president and the vice president of the country.

This civil war is the main cause of the hunger crisis. In 2015 there was a failed peace treaty which only poured fuel to the fire. Both parties of the war lacked responsibility to protect and help civil people. The violence has forced one in three people to flee the country. This has caused a major refugee crisis in the neighboring countries such as Uganda, Sudan and Ethiopia. According to a total of 2.44 million people has escaped/fled the country, 1.89 million people is internally displaced, and a number of 285 300 people has fled to the country. These numbers are enormous, especially if we compare it to the population of South Sudan which is around 11 million. This means that almost one fourth of the total population is on the run.

On the other hand, this strikes hard on the people. The ones who get affected the most by the hunger crisis is women and children. More than 5 million people does not have access to enough food. This makes up almost half of the total population of the country. The worst issue in my opinion is that half of the children under the age of five suffer from critical malnutrition.

World vision is an organization that works to better the situation by sending/supplying emergency food aid, special nutrition treatment for malnourished children and pregnant and breastfeeding women. They are also supplying clean water and hygiene – and sanitation training. The organization is also giving out education, school supplies and school feeding programs.

In order to help better this situation, we can raise awareness about this issue through social media and campaign. We can donate resources that will help the people further on in their recovery such as money, food, clothes etc.


Girl Rising

A film review by Emilie Ingebrigtsen

Modern day slavery, a commonly ignored topic. We tend to look the other way when people say that slavery still exist. Forced labor and human trafficking is slavery.  Girl Rising touched on very sensitive topics that might be hard for people to process and say, “This is real.” That is because cruelty like this seems inhumane. In the film we learn about a few of the possibly millions of stories similar or worse.


In this Documentary directed by Richard Robbing we met nine different girls throughout the developing world. This film was released March 7th, 2013 (USA). They all have their own stories, but it ties together to a crucial and important theme, the lack of education and gender equality.


In the beginning of this film we see a girl working in the dumpster. She dreams about an education. This is the introduction of the film and the story of Sohka. It can also be viewed as a reality check for the people who live in ignorance and denial that this is a real issue. Sohka is an orphan and works forced labor. After days and days of hard work, she finally finds her way into education. Today she is a fierce woman. Sohka was even invited to speak at an International Women’s Day Conference in New York and she visited the White House and met then First Lady, Michelle Obama. She is still to this day a top-class student and wishes to study in the US.


Next in this storyline we met a seven year old girl with the name, Wadley. She went to school in the beginning of her story, but that changes rapidly. Her village was prone to a massive earthquake, causing both her school and home to collapse. They lost everything. This caused many residents in Wadley’s village to struggle financially and that included Wadley and her family. However, she was not giving up. When school started she arrived in class, but got sent home because her family could not pay the tuition. Day after day she came back and stood up for herself until the teacher finally let her stay.


Other girls were “sold” to work for “masters” (bosses). Suma is one of the few that got freed from slavery. When she was six she had her first master. He made her clean and fetch firewood. The second one mistreated her, and she was deeply enslaved. Suma’s third and last master she got when she was the age of eleven. This boss was not as bad and even agreed to let her take night classes as long as she did her chores throughout the day. The teachers in the classes educated the slaves that they were in fact, enslaved. Teachers demanded that the master let them go and they continued demanding until the masters agreed. Suma is now working against the masters herself and is working on freeing the slaves.


The girls in this documentary is fairly young. They are what we would call only children, but in their culture, they are treated like adults. Yasmin for instant was engaged when she was only thirteen years old, a child. At twelve she got sexually assaulted by a man she was hitching with. He led her the wrong way and her friend caught on and jumped off the vehicle, but Yasmin’s curiosity got the best of her. In her police statement she called herself a superhero because she managed to escape the assaulter.


It seems like a cultural thing when girls in the developing world are engaged or married at such a young age. Azmera was also thirteen when she got engaged to a twenty year old man. This was something her brother and herself did not like at they protested on the marriage. She wanted to study, not be wed at such a young age.  Azmera is to this day studying and aspires to become a teacher.


Ruksana was daydreaming and drawing when her teacher caught her off guard. She got dismissed and sent home. Her father saw his daughter’s talent and instead of yelling at her, he took her to an art supplements store to buy coloring pencils and a sketchbook. She got picked on by some street thugs and her father chased them away. When Ruksana’s mother learns about this she wants to move back to the village where it is “safer.” Her mother then takes them to a shelter for the night where they needed to do forced labor throughout their stay. Police then tears down their homes (the slum). This triggers the mom’s fighting instinct and she changes her mind about moving. However, Ruksana is still living on the street but, she is still in school getting the education she needs.


Senna has a passion for poetry. Her family is struggling and trying to survive in a gold mining town in Peru. Her father taught her to have a though and brave heart. He also wanted her to study and get an education. In this town there are thousands of girls being sold into brothels. After a while Senna’s father got sick and passed later on. She then began writing her own poems. With the help of the organization CARE’s help Senna and her family have moved off the mountain. She is now in secondary-school and recently stood up and demanded better sanitation for her old school.


Mariama has a “normal” life, she lost her father and her mother married her dead husband’s brother.  She was the first person in her family to attend school. She was also a radio host, but she dreamed of having her own television show one day. Once a girl called in to her show and talked about her abusive aunt that she lived with. Mariama helped this girl and gave her a voice and a platform to speak up. Her Papa got criticized for letting her host the show and refused her to continue hosting the radio. Mariama wanted his father to hear her out and after he finally did, he changed his mind. She has later on passed her senior exams which is a great accomplishment.


Lastly, we met Amina. She needed to cover her face and identity in order to prevent her to be endangered. In her village and in large areas of Afghanistan females are covered, muted and forced to work.  This is all done for the men. They fetched water to them, cleaned them, cooked and cared for the children. Amina have a few years of education but, got married at the age of eleven. She got married to her cousin and her parents accepted the proposal and roughly 5000$ that they all spent on her brother’s car. Amina also became a mother at a very young age. If she tries to speak up it will only result in her being punished. Girl rising can not reach out to her in risk of both endangering her and ruining all the work of the organization.


In this documentary all of the girls’ story impacted me in different ways. The whole process made me more openminded and enlighten me about this topic and its severity. I do not think that either girls’ story was more important than the other. They were equal. However, seeing people being abused, being enslaved or a child being wed at such a young age and then becoming a mother. It seems surreal but, it is real, and it is still happening to this very moment.  Slavery is commonly shoved under the rug like it is non-existing or exterminated. This is not the case, and it is our responsibility to raise awareness to the rest of the world. We in the western world, also known as the developed world can use social media to get the message out to the mases. We can give these girls a platform and a place where they can speak up. The quote “One girl with courage is a revolution” is to encourage others to not be afraid and if we can help them share their stories. We should, just like they did in this documentary.


This film on the other hand, was interesting. It was easy to get lost in the stories. Especially when their stories got retold or animated. This makes the viewer go from sympathizing to empathizing, because it shows the girls being strong and fierce. You might even think to yourself. “You go girl, tell them your truth.” The way the director and producer tells this story seems empowering rather than seeking for other’s pity.


That being said, this story has a message behind it. We are taught the ways of modern slavery. They show us how strong and independent we females can be and once we come together we are the strongest and most powerful unity there is. Like the meaning behind the quote, it only takes one before everyone comes forward and that’s why “One girl with courage is a revolution.”




UN sustainable development goals

What is the UN sustainable development goals?

They are goals set on September 25th, 2015. The countries then adopted a set of new goals onto their list. The goals include ending poverty, protecting the planet and ensure prosperity for all. UN has specific targets connected to each goal that they like to achieve over the timespan of 15 years.


Personally, I think goal number 6 and goal number 13 is some of the most important to sustain. Especially now that the climate is changing so rapidly. Goal number 6 is just as important because the pollution of both drinking – and salt water is major. Therefore, it is crucial to sustain and fulfill in other to achieve other goals such as number 14 and a starting point for number 3.

I would also like to work more with goal 3 and 17 because I think it is important to have a solid healthcare system in every country, not just in the developed countries (also known as first world countries). For any of these goals to be sustainable we need to work together, and we therefore need to create partnerships to work towards these goals.

But, in other to even getting close to achieving these goals we need to educate each other. Education is the pinpoint to any progress or revolution. Number four “Quality education” touches on this. In 2015 the total enrolment rate reached 91 precent in developing countries, which is prodigious. The same year the ratio of children out of school dropped by almost half.  Even though this is great progress there is still 103 million youth that lack common or basic literacy skills, and more than 60 precent of that statistic consist of women.

No PovertyZero HungerGood Health and Well-BeingQuality educationGender EqualityClean water and sanitation

Affordable and clean energyDecent work and economic growthIndustry, innovation and infrastructureSustainable cities and communitiesResponsible consumption and production

Climate ActionLife below waterLife on landPeace, justice and strong institutionsPartnerships for the goals



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